corundum

  • Inside Out | GEM•ology Through Lotus-Colored Glasses (2020) | Book

    Inside Out | GEM•ology Through Lotus-Colored Glasses (2020)

    Inside Out  •  GEM•ology Through Lotus-Colored Glasses

    E. Billie Hughes, Richard W. Hughes, Wimon Manorotkul  |  2020

    From the dawn of time, precious stones have both attracted and fascinated humans in ways that few other items could. For while objects of desire are found throughout the natural world, physical beauty is too often ephemeral. From the allure of a man, woman, flower or butterfly, through the fleeting moments of a sunset, there is little that lasts and practically nothing that can be passed down to our descendants. The exception is precious stones. Not only are they the most durable creations of Mother Nature, but their visual splendor is truly eternal.

    This book presents a completely fresh approach to the subject. Dubbing it humanistic gemology, the authors take readers around the world, showing the places they have explored in their search for gems, along with the people and cultures encountered along the way. Within this volume, remarkable photographs of the human world are interwoven with images of the microscopic realm of the gems themselves. In a lifetime beset by time control, where living is broken into ever smaller bits, as you browse through these pages suddenly you plunge into a domain of frozen time, one that affords vistas of millions or even billions of years. For jewels offer not just superficial beauty, but a window on the primordial forces that birthed both our planet and universe.

    Inside Out – Gemology Through Lotus-Colored Glasses represents a fascinating new direction for gemology, linking the external and internal worlds of precious stones for the first time. 

    Inside Out | GEM•ology Through Lotus-Colored Glasses Order Page 

  • Inside Out: Journey into the Center of a Gem • Lecture • Paris, France • 12 March 2020

    Madagascar: Sapphire Isle

    Plunge into the fascinating microworld of ruby and sapphire with award-winning photomicrographer E. Billie Hughes.

  • Laos Sapphires • Laos – Land of a Million Elephants... & Sapphires

    Laos Sapphires • Laos – Land of a Million Elephants... & Sapphires

    The history of the Lao sapphire mines at Ban Huay Xai is detailed, along with modern mining by Hong Kong based Sino Resources Mining Corp. Ltd. from 2006–2012.

  • Last Thai Ruby Miner • Red Sky at Dusk

    Red Sky at Dusk  |  Hunting the Last Siamese Ruby Miner

    In search of Thailand's last ruby miner.

  • Madagascar: Sapphire Isle • Lecture • Tucson, AZ • 6 February 2020

    Madagascar: Sapphire Isle

    Lotus Gemology's E. Billie Hughes looks at the important sapphire producing localities in Madagascar, along with the key gemological features that can help separate them from other sapphire sources.

  • Microscopy & Photomicrography • Lecture • Birmingham, UK • 16 March 2020

    Microscopy & Photomicrography • Lecture • Birmingham, UK • 16 March 2020

    Lotus Gemology's E. Billie Hughes will captain a special workshop devoted to gemological microscopy and photomicrography.

  • Mogok Geology Primer • Rock Talk • Lotus Gemology

    Rock talk  |  A Mogok Geology Primer

    A look at the geology of Myanmar's Mogok Stone Tract, home to pigeon's blood rubies and so much more…

  • Mogok Revisited • A Brief Stay in Heaven • Lotus Gemology

    Mogok

    An account of a 2013 visit to Mogok – Myanmar's fairy-tale wonderland.

  • Oiled Gems Lab Alert • Lotus Gemology

    Oiled Gems Lab Alert • Lotus Gemology

    Lotus Gemology warns that oiled rubies, sapphires and spinels are entering the Bangkok wholesale market in increasing numbers. Most, but not all, of these gems are originating from Burma.

  • Padparadscha or Pretender • An Unusual Pink-Orange Sapphire

    Padparadscha or Pretender • An Unusual Pink-Orange Sapphire

    An orangish pink “padparadscha” sapphire was submitted for testing at Lotus Gemology’s Bangkok laboratory. Testing showed a number of conflicting features that suggested the gem was a cleverly treated synthetic pink sapphire designed to imitate natural padparadscha.

  • Padparadscha Sapphire & the Ownership of Words

    Ownership of Words  |  An Essay on Padparadscha Sapphire

    A discussion of the definition of padparadscha sapphire, from early to modern times, along with the difficulty in standardizing such definitions.

  • Ruby & Sapphire (1997) • Lotus Gemology

    Ruby & Sapphire

    Ruby & Sapphire

    Richard W. Hughes  |  1997

    Ruby & Sapphire is widely acknowledged as one of the finest gemology books ever published. Not just an update of his previous volumes on ruby and sapphire, it represents something rarely seen in a technical book, a fusion of accurate science and spirited, accessible prose. Within its pages, one finds information on prices, quality analysis, sources, history, treatments and identification. Featuring over 300 color photos and 2500 references, this now out-of-print volume is today highly sought after by collectors and gemologists, who pay as much as $1000 or more for the privilege of owning a copy.

    Out-of-print. Click here to search for a copy

  • Ruby & Sapphire (Corundum) Inclusions • The Lotus Gemology Crystal Registry

    Corundum Inclusions • A Crystal Registry


    Solid inclusions have been used by gemologists as a means of determining origin. While there is a great deal of overlap from one source to another, there are also important differences. For example, while apatite has been identified in sapphire from Madagascar, Myanmar and Sri Lanka, apatite has never been identified in sapphire from Kashmir. Thus the purpose of this article is to give a full listing of solid inclusions in gem corundums from around the world, with each occurrence fully referenced. This is provided with the goal of making origin determination of ruby and sapphire more accurate.

  • Ruby & Sapphire • A Collector's Guide (2014) • Lotus Gemology

    Ruby & Sapphire  |  A Collector's Guide (2014)

    Ruby & Sapphire  •  A Collector's Guide

    Richard W. Hughes  |  2014

    Few gems capture the imagination like ruby and sapphire. This book removes the cloak of
 an otherwise secret world
. Drawing on a lifetime’s experience, 
the author ventures around the globe for the
 finest specimens, in the process allowing readers to discover 
the people and places where these rare gems are 
found, along with the story of the stones themselves. Throughout the text, Hughes guides readers with
 the steady connoisseur's eye, explaining what collectors should look for. For many pieces, actual
 auction prices are given, aiding collectors in their 
buying decisions. Illustrated with more than 300 color
 photographs, this is a visual and intellectual feast of
 the most delicious order.

    Ruby & Sapphire • A Collector's Guide order page

  • Ruby & Sapphire • A Collector's Guide • Order Page • Lotus Gemology

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide

    Introducing…

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector’s Guide

    by Richard W. Hughes
    with photographs by Wimon Manorotkul and E. Billie Hughes

    This impressive coffee-table style volume takes readers into the secret world of ruby and sapphire, through the pen and lens of international expert, Richard Hughes. The author guides readers with the steady eye of a connoisseur, explaining what collectors should look for in ruby and sapphire. Many pictured pieces feature actual auction prices, aiding collectors in their buying decisions. Illustrated with more than 400 magnificent color photographs, for anyone with an interest in precious stones, this is a visual and intellectual feast of the most delicious order.

    Published 2014; Available Now

    PRICE: Thai Baht 3000 + Shipping & Handling

    International Shipping & Handling from Thailand
    Ships via International Parcel Air (2-3 weeks)

    Hardcover with Dust Jacket
    384 pages; 240 x 280 mm (9.45 x 11 inches); 2.4 kg shipping weight
    Full Color Throughout

    For orders of four or more, please contact us.

    Order This Book Here

    Covid-19 Shipping Update • 10 February 2021

    • If your destination is listed below, please proceed with your order as usual.
    • If your destination is not listed below, we can still ship to most destinations. Please This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. directly with a list of the books you want to order and your shipping address, and we will provide you with a shipping quotation.
    • Please note that some delays may be expected for handling & delivery at the destinations.

     

    Proceed with your order if your destination is listed below:

    Shipping cost by destination (THB)

    Americas 
    Canada ฿3000
    Mexico ฿3000
    USA ฿2800
       
    Asia Pacific 
    Australia ฿2500
    China (mainland) ฿1500
    Hong Kong ฿1500
    Japan ฿1700
    New Zealand ฿2500
    Singapore ฿1500
    Taiwan ฿1700
     
    Europe 
    Austria ฿2000
    Belgium ฿2300
    Denmark ฿2000
    France ฿2300
    Germany ฿2300
    Italy ฿2000
    Netherlands ฿2000
    Norway ฿2300
    Russia ฿3000
    Sweden ฿2300
    Switzerland ฿2000
    UK ฿2500

    All prices are in Thai Baht and will be charged in Thai Baht. Exchange rates fluctuate daily. See this link for current exchange rates. 

    Book + Shipping (select destination below)
    Sign book to:

     


     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Contents

    Content

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Résumé

    1. Résumé

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Résumé

    History

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Source

    2. Source

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Source

    Geology

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Valley of Serpents

    Valley of Serpents

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Valley of Serpents

    Afghanistan

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Australia

    Australia

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – India

    India

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Kenya

    Kenya

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Malawi

    Laos

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Madagascar

    Madagascar

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Malawi

    Malawi

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Mozambique

    Mozambique

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Myanmar

    Myanmar

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Nepal

    Nepal

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Nepal

    Pakistan

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Rwanda

    Rwanda

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Sri Lanka

    Sri Lanka

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Tajikistan

    Tajikistan

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Tanzania

    Tanzania

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Thailand & Cambodia

    Thailand & Cambodia

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Thailand & Cambodia

    Thailand & Cambodia

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Montana

    USA–Montana

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Vietnam

    Vietnam

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Connoisseur

    3. Connoisseur

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Connoisseur

    Cutting

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Connoisseur

    From Pigeon's Blood to Peacock's Neck

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Connoisseur

    Ruby & Sapphire Prices

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Connoisseur

    Does Size Matter?

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Connoisseur

    The Tao of Jewelry

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Forensic

    4. Forensic

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Forensic

    Inner Space

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Forensic

    Enhancements

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Forensic

    Connoisseurship of Crystals

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Forensic

    5. Heart

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Forensic

    Gem Cutting in Thailand

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Forensic

    The Thai Jeweler's Art

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Library

    6. Library

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Library

    Library

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Library

    Library

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Portfolio

    7. Portfolio

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Portfolio

    Portfolio

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide – Index

    Index

     

  • Ruby & Sapphire • A Gemologist's Guide (2017) • Lotus Gemology

    Ruby & Sapphire  |  A Gemologist's Guide (2017)

    Ruby & Sapphire  •  A Gemologist's Guide

    Richard W. Hughes, with Wimon Manorotkul & E. Billie Hughes  |  2017

    Designed as a companion to Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide, this massive volume is aimed specifically at working gemologists, appraisers and students. Based on Richard W. Hughes' 1997 classic, Ruby & Sapphire, this edition is fully updated. The product of nearly 40 years of firsthand experience and research, it covers every aspect of the subject from A–Z. History, sources, prices, quality analysis, synthetics and treatments, everything is here. With over 1000 photos, maps and illustrations and 3500 references, Ruby & Sapphire—A Gemologist’s Guide represents the most comprehensive book ever written on a single precious stone.

    Ruby & Sapphire •  A Gemologist's Guide Order Page 

  • Ruby & Sapphire • A Gemologist's Guide • Order Page • Lotus Gemology

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide

    Introducing…

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide

    by Richard W. Hughes
    with Wimon Manorotkul and E. Billie Hughes

    This massive volume is the most comprehensive book ever written on a single precious stone. Designed as a companion volume to Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide, it is aimed specifically at working gemologists, appraisers and students. Based on Richard W. Hughes' 1997 classic, Ruby & Sapphire, this edition is fully updated. The product of nearly 40 years of firsthand experience and research, it covers every aspect of the subject from A–Z. History, sources, prices, quality analysis, synthetics and treatments, everything is here. Ruby & Sapphire—A Gemologist’s Guide represents the definitive reference on the subject. With over 1000 photos, maps and illustrations and 3500 references, it is nothing less than a tour-de-force of gemological scholarship.

     

    Published 2017; Now Shipping!

    Regular Edition Price: Thai Baht 6000 + Shipping & Handling

    Special Limited Edition of 100 Copies – Silk Bound – Signed by all three Authors – Numbered – With Silk Slipcase
    Price: Thai Baht 9,000
     + Shipping & Handling

    International Shipping & Handling from Thailand
    Ships via International Parcel Air (2-3 weeks)

    Hardcover with Dust Jacket
    816 pages; 240 x 280 mm (9.45 x 11 inches); 4.6 kg shipping weight
    Full Color Throughout

    Once you click the "Add to Cart" button below, you can select the quantity on the next page.
    For orders of four or more, please contact us.

    Order This Book Here

    Covid-19 Shipping Update • 10 February 2021

    • If your destination is listed below, please proceed with your order as usual.
    • If your destination is not listed below, we can still ship to most destinations. Please This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. directly with a list of the books you want to order and your shipping address, and we will provide you with a shipping quotation.
    • Please note that some delays may be expected for handling & delivery at the destinations.

     

    Proceed with your order if your destination is listed below:

    Shipping cost by destination (THB)

    Americas 
    Canada ฿4000
    Mexico ฿4000
    USA ฿4000
       
    Asia Pacific 
    Australia ฿3500
    China (mainland) ฿2000
    Hong Kong ฿2000
    Japan ฿2300
    New Zealand ฿3500
    Singapore ฿2000
    Taiwan ฿2300
     
    Europe 
    Austria ฿2800
    Belgium ฿3000
    Denmark ฿2800
    France ฿3000
    Germany ฿3000
    Italy ฿2800
    Netherlands ฿2800
    Norway ฿3000
    Russia ฿4000
    Sweden ฿3000
    Switzerland ฿2800
    UK ฿3200

    All prices are in Thai Baht and will be charged in Thai Baht. Exchange rates fluctuate daily. See this link for current exchange rates.

    Standard Edition Book + Shipping (select destination below)
    Sign book to:

    Limited Edition Book + Shipping (select destination below)

     


     

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Gallery

    Gallery

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Gallery

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Gallery

     

    Title Page

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Title Page

     

    Contents

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Contents

     

    Contents

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Contents

     

    Introduction

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Introduction

     

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – History

    1. History

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – History

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – History

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Chemistry & Crystallography

    2. Chemistry & Crystallography

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Chemistry & Crystallography

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Chemistry & Crystallography

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Properties & Phenomena

    3. Properties & Phenomena

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Properties & Phenomena

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Properties & Phenomena

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Color, Spectra & Luminescence

    4. Color & Luminescence

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Color, Spectra & Luminescence

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Color, Spectra & Luminescence

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Inclusions

    5. Inclusions

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Inclusions

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Inclusions

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Treatments

    6. Treatments

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Treatments

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Treatments

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Synthetic Corundum

    7. Synthetic Corundum

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Synthetic Corundum

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Synthetic Corundum

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Assembled Stones

    8. Assembled Stones

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Assembled Stones

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Assembled Stones

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Methods of Fashioning

    9. Methods of Fashioning

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Methods of Fashioning

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Methods of Fashioning

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Judging Quality

    10. Judging Quality

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Judging Quality

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Judging Quality

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Geology

    11. Geology

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Geology

     

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Geology

     

     

    12. World Sources

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources

     

     

    Afghanistan

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Afghanistan

    Australia

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Australia

    China

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: China

    Colombia

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Colombia

    France & Greenland

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: France & Greenland

    India

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: India

    Kenya

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Kenya

    Laos

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Laos

    Madagascar

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Madagascar

    Malawi

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Malawi

    Mozambique

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Mozambique

    Myanmar

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Myanmar

    Nepal & Nigeria

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Nepal & Nigeria

    Pakistan

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Pakistan

    Rwanda

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Rwanda

    Sri Lanka

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Sri Lanka

    Tajikistan

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Tajikistan

    Tanzania

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Tanzania

    Thailand/Cambodia

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Thailand/Cambodia

    USA

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: USA

    Vietnam

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – World Sources: Vietnam

     

    Appendix A: Tagore's Mani-Mala

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Appendix A: Tagore's Mani-Mala

     
     

    Appendix B: Prices & ID Flow Charts

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Appendix B: Prices & ID Flow Charts

     
     

    Index

    Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide – Index

     

     

    Click on the icon to download a corrected Table of Contents and Errata sheet for the current volume (PDF).

    Errata

    A few comments from reviewers…

    Voilà un livre de poids, 735 pages et plus de 4 kg qui enrichira vos connaissances historiques comme scientifiques et gemmologiques. L' auteur, bien connu des gemmologues, nous offre un nouveau voyage dans l' univers des corindons. C' est un livre à regarder, approcher, toucher, feuilleter, découvrir enen l' ouvrant avec à la fois impatience et retenue, pour finalement s' y abandonner. C' est une leçon de vie, un livre-compagnon à déguster sans modération.

    Association Française de Gemmologie

     
     
     
  • Ruby & Sapphire Books • Collecting the Literature of Ruby & Sapphire (Corundum) • Hidden Treasure

    Ruby & Sapphire Books • Collecting the Literature of Ruby & Sapphire (Corundum) • Hidden Treasure

    A discussion of the literature of ruby and sapphire (corundum), with particular emphasis on the most collectible books covering ruby and sapphire around the world.

  • Ruby & Sapphire Color Types • From Peacock to Pigeon's Blood

    From Peacock to Pigeon's Blood: Deconstructing Lotus Color Types

    A brief description of the color types for ruby and sapphire used at Lotus Gemology.

  • Ruby & Sapphire Colors • From Peacock to Pigeon's Blood

    From Peacock to Pigeon's Blood

    From Peacock to Pigeon's Blood  •  An Introduction to Ruby & Sapphire Colors

    Lotus Gemology  |  2017

    An introduction to the ruby & sapphire color types used at Lotus Gemology.

    From Peacock to Pigeon's Blood Order Page 

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